Upkeep - Examples manifest changes

From Wikicap - European Commission


Manifest changes

This article provides examples of the various types of manifest changes. The reference parcels in these illustrations are all real world examples, provided for the sake of illustration of each concept. Note that, with other LPIS design rules, another parcel perimeter might result in the situations here provided. Please apply the concepts mutatis mutandis for your actual design.

Type I: irreversible conversion from agricultural land covers with a minimum extend

These changes relate to a conversion of agricultural land covers into a condition that makes agricultural activities (growing crops, raising livestock or keeping in GAEC) impossible.

  1. Irreversible means that the original condition cannot be restored with normal agricultural cultivation measures alone.
  2. conversion means the change into any land cover ineligible for activation of SPS entitlements (2009R73 art34) or into land covers other than utilized agricultural area (2009R73 art 124) respectively for SPS and SAPS schemes:
  3. the extend (size/dimension) is measured on a individual patches of land, identified after the intersection results of an ineligibility "mask" with the land identification perimeter of the individual Reference parcel. Therefore:
  • an individual patch must not be homogenous regarding its land cover, it suffices that all the land covers in the combined patch are non-agricultural
  • in larger non-agricultural land features, every intersection with the RP perimeter (land identification) counts as an individual patch.

inclusion: completely included inside the parcel's agricultural borders and/or perimeter

combined patches completely inside the perimeter (“inclusions”) that are well delineated and cover 500m2 or more

Manifest 1aa earlier.png
Manifest 1aa later.png

figure 4b.1: example of the conversion of agricultural land inside the parcel perimeter - only the area criterion applies.

border side: crossing or touching the parcel perimeter

combined patches, individually distinguishable, on the border of the reference parcel that are in average more than 5 meters wide and measure more than 100m2.

Manifest 1b earlier.jpg
Manifest 1b later.jpg

figure 4b.2: example of the conversion of agricultural land crossing the parcel perimeter both the area and dimension criteria apply.

Type II: irreversible conversion of agricultural land covers regardless their extend

the appearance of permanent constructions, regardless of their area, width and size, inside or crossing the border/perimeter

into buildings and processing facilities

Constructions above ground such as buildings, barns, processing facilities,

If the agricultural land cover is converted beyond the footprint of the building itself, all the converted land should be taken into account as if it was a type II manifest change. Examples:

  1. if a windmill is built on a newly established platform, the whole platform becomes relevant.
  2. if the surroundings of a new cabin are fenced off, the fence perimeter becomes relevant
Manifest 2a earlier.png
Manifest 2a later.png

figure 4b.3: appearance of a building - always relevant

into roads and other surface pavements (e.g. concrete floor)

Constructions at ground level or underground

Manifest 2b earlier.jpg
Manifest 2b later.jpg

figure 4b.4: appearance of a hard surface on the agricultural land - always relevant

involving other man-made structures

Structures that remain more than three years onsite that changes the land cover or soil condition in a way that normal agriculture activities cannot be carried out without significant investment or action (e.g. storage materials, dumpsters, pylons,…).

Some structures can require a case by case evaluation: e.g. a pylon in grassland may not affect the pastoral activities, whereas a similar pylon in an arable field would make future plowing impossible.

Manifest 2c earlier.jpg
Manifest 2c later.jpg

figure 4b.5: appearance of an infrastructure component (windmill) - always relevant

Type III: perimeter modifications that involve an exchange of agricultural land

Any change in the perimeter of RP that causes agricultural land to be exchanged between at least two former reference parcels or allocates previously united land to at least 2 new reference parcels.

Splitting of a parcel into two or more

One reference parcel is divided into two or more new parcels. The general external perimeter of the land concerned is not altered, but the old ID is archived and new ID's are created.

Manifest 3a earlier.jpg
Manifest 3a later.jpg

figure 4b.6: appearance of a road causing the split of two parcels from one

Merger of two or more parcels into one

Two or more reference parcels that are merged into a single new parcel. The external perimeter of all land concerned is not altered, but the old IDs are archived and new RPID is created. If no type I or type II change has happened, the new MEA is simply the sum of the MEA's of merged originals.

Manifest 3b earlier.jpg
Manifest 3b later.jpg

figure 4b.7: Merger of several reference parcels into one

Mutual exchange of land between two or more parcels

Whenever two adjacent reference parcels have a change in their common boundary. All affected IDs are archived and new ID's are attributed. New IDs are necessary all parcels affected by the swap because the land represented by the ID cannot be unambiguously identified over time.

Manifest 3c earlier.jpg
Manifest 3c later.jpg

figure 4b.8: Mutual exchange of land between two reference parcels.

Type IV: Reference parcel extruding into land that was previously outside IACS

This occurs when non-agricultural land is developed into agricultural land to create a joined production block with a neighbouring reference parcel. A new ID is necessary for the resulting enlarged reference parcel. The parcel is processed as if dealing with an omission.

This case should not be confused with the conversion of non-agricultural land completely inside the perimeter of an existing reference parcel, which constitutes a type I change.

figure 4b.x: An illustration will be published when ready.

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