PR Overview

From Wikicap - European Commission

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  • This document provides technical guidance for the creation and processing of reference parcels that hold PG with scattered ineligible features and the accompanying pro rata system (Art.10 of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 640/2014). It complements the guidelines on the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) provided by DG Agri (document DSCG/2014/33).
  • As the technical guidance focuses on one or more values in the databases that form the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS), its structure is derived from the standard ISO 19131:2007(E) “Geographic information - Data product specifications”. This standard is used for all technical guidance issued for Directive 2007/2/EC (INSPIRE). As, only the relevant chapters of the data product specification outline are kept in this document, it does not aspire to comply with the standard.

Terms and definitions

  • Maximum eligible area (MEA): the number of potentially eligible hectares under a particular aid scheme or support measure. In LPIS context, the MEA is, among other factors, capped by the reference area of the reference parcel.
  • Geometric area of the reference parcel: area obtained by delineation of the agricultural land cover (including landscape features that are protected under GAEC 7) and landscape features that are traditionally part of good agriculture cropping or utilization practices.
  • Reference area: area of the reference parcel that represents its default value of potentially eligible hectares under a particular aid scheme or support measure. It is recovered from the geometric area, possibly, after application of an eligibility rate.
  • Pro rata method: approach to reduce by means of a forfeit the reference area according to an eligibility rate.
  • Reduction coefficient: value, in per cent, that quantifies the proportion of inherent ineligible elements inside the grassland. This reduction coefficient is being referred to in Art.10 of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 640/2014 and should therefore not be mistaken for the reduction coefficient referred to in Art.32(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2014 and Art.8 of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 639/2014.
  • Eligibility rate: proportion of accounted grass or other herbaceous forage or species that can be grazed.


  • CwRS: control with remote sensing
  • GSD: ground sample distance
  • IACS: integrated administration and control system
  • LC: land cover
  • LPIS: land parcel identification system
  • MEA: maximum eligible area
  • OTSC: on the spot check
  • PG: permanent grassland
  • RC: reduction coefficient
  • RP: reference parcel
  • RMSExy: two-directional root mean square error
  • VHR: very high resolution


  • This data specification focuses on the methodologies to determine the value of MEA of reference parcels holding PG with scattered ineligible features. There are essentially two methods, a systematic one and a sporadic one.
  • The systematic method relies on the delineation of the PGs with scattered ineligible features as a clearly defined, well specified land cover classes. It implies that the land cover class borders itself can be delineated but the scattered ineligible features within cannot. Under these conditions, a generic reduction coefficient can be assessed and determined for each class and contribute to all reference parcels wherein that class occurs.
  • The sporadic method uses any other methodology than delineation to directly assess the resulting MEA of the reference or agricultural parcel.
The sporadic approach offers simplicity, flexibility and practicality. For a territorial inventory such as LPIS-upgrading, this sporadic approach should be used in conditions where the systematic method is not feasible: e.g. for cases where the latter harms accountability and scalability and for observations in absence of suitable delineation conditions. Please note that on-the-spot checks to be done on declared pro rata parcels for which the MEA is established based upon the sporadic method always require an actual field visit (i.e. classical on-the-spot check or, when appropriate for the methodology, rapid field visit).

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